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Darwin Core

Term name



The name (or acronym) in use by the institution having custody of the object(s) or information referred to in the record.

Apple Core




Publish the name of the institution having custody of the specimens in institutionCode. This would be the university, museum or other institution with which the herbarium is associated. If the institution is well-known by its acronym, it can be used, although it is generally more informative to use the full name.

If the institution Code is not known or registered with GRBio, then the full name can be recorded in the field "institutionCode". Also note that the institutionCode and the collectionCode are usually the same, but if the Collection is also registered with the Index Herbariorum (IH) then the institutionCode is marked with <IH> (see examples below).

If the institution is registered with the GBIF, you can publish the UUID issued by the Global Biodiversity Resources Discovery System (GBRDS) in institutionID (e.g. "ff7bd5db-b724-4932-b496-10ea298851f9"), even though this ID is currently not resolvable. GBIF is investigating DOIs as a more stable and resolvable identifier. [KCP comment: are we including institution ID in AppleCore? If not then that this last sentence may not apply?]

Controlled vocabulary

Use standardized institution codes as listed in the The Global Registry of Biodiversity Repositories (GRBio) at:

Usage examples

Example # Insitution Name InstitutionCode collectionCode
1 William and Lynda Steere Herbarium, The New York Botanical Garden NY<IH> [KCP note: or is it NYBG?] NY
2 Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin-Dahlem, Freie Universität Berlin B<IH> B
3 Harvard University Herbaria- Grey Herbarium GH<IH> GH
4 Harvard University Herbaria- Farlow Herbarium FH<IH> FH
5 Harvard University Herbaria- Arnold Arboretum, Cambridge A<IH> A
6 Harvard University Herbaria- Arnold Arboretum, Jamaica Plain AAH<IH> AAH
7 Harvard University Herbaria- Oakes Ames Orchid Herbarium AMES<IH> AMES
8 Harvard University Herbaria- Economic Herbarium of Oakes Ames ECON<IH> ECON
9 Harvard University Herbaria- New England Botanical Club Herbarium NEBC<IH> NEBC
10 Harvard University Herbaria- Grey Herbarium Harvard University Herbaria (HUH) GH

Other resources